What is a contra revenue account?

contra revenue account list

You make sales frequently, but you might not consistently earn money from side activities. Non-operating revenue is listed after operating revenue on the income statement. For the purpose of financial statement reporting, the amount on a contra account is subtracted from its parent account gross balance to present the net balance. A contra account is a general ledger account with a balance that is opposite of the normal balance for that account classification. The use of a contra account allows a company to report the original amount and also report a reduction so that the net amount will also be reported. The net amount is often referred to as the carrying amount or perhaps the net realizable amount.

  • Any products that are sold at a discount or returns are deducted from gross revenue to produce net revenue as the top line on the income statement.
  • The revenue contra accounts Sales Returns, Discounts and Allowances are subtracted from the main Sales Revenue account to present the net balance on a company’s income statement.
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  • There are three commonly used contra revenue accounts, which are noted below.

Since it is a contra asset account, this allowance account must have a credit balance (which is contrary to the debit balances found in asset accounts). The Allowance for Doubtful Accounts is directly related to the asset account entitled Accounts Receivable. Therefore, the net amount of the accounts receivable that is expected to turn to cash is $38,000.

What are the Five Types of Contra Accounts?

For this reason, contra accounts are primarily seen as having negative balances because they are used to reduce the balance of another account. You can also record contra revenue within the sales account, but this means that it will be buried within the total amount of revenue reported, https://1investing.in/accounting-financial-planning-services-for/ so that management cannot easily determine the amount of contra revenue. If your company has minimal contra revenue activity, it is acceptable to record these transactions within the revenue account. Accumulated Depreciation is a contra asset that pairs with Fixed Assets.

  • Home Depot has repurchased more than $72 billion of stock to date, with around $7 billion coming during this accounting period.
  • This is to ensure that everything is accurate, and the reporting of your book is moving well.
  • Either it is asset, liability, or equity what the account do is to have an opposite balance.
  • The company would see the original amount, discounted sale, and net sales in the contra revenue account.
  • Moreover, the natural balance of sales revenue is credit in the balance sheet.

Profit shows you the amount your business gains or loses after you deduct expenses. To calculate your profit, or net income/loss, you must use your business’s revenue as a starting point. To find your profit, subtract your total expenses from your total revenue. Contra accounts 6 tax tips for startups provide more detail to accounting figures and improve transparency in financial reporting. We can see how the $10,000 allowance for doubtful accounts offsets the $100,000 A/R account from our illustrative example above (i.e. the account decreases the carrying value of A/R).


An example of a contra liability account is the bond discount account, which offsets the bond payable account. The two accounts together yield the carrying value of the bond. A contra liability account is not classified as a liability, since it does not represent a future obligation. Contra Asset Account – A contra asset account is an asset that carries a credit balance and is used to decrease the balance of another asset on the balance. Contra accounts are used to reduce the original account directly, keeping financial accounting records clean.

  • You might have a sales return contra account or a sales discounts account.
  • The information provided by my colleague above is to set up an account within QuickBooks Online (QBO).
  • Normal asset accounts have a debit balance, while contra asset accounts are in a credit balance.
  • As can be seen using the two accounts, allows information about the original sale to be maintained on the revenue account, and details of the sale returns to be maintained on the sales returns contra revenue account.
  • Whereas assets normally have positive debit balances, contra assets, though still reported along with other assets, have an opposite type of natural balance.

Learn financial statement modeling, DCF, M&A, LBO, Comps and Excel shortcuts. Still, the dollar amounts are separately broken out in the supplementary sections most of the time for greater transparency in financial reporting. The sales allowances account contains either an allowance for reductions in the price of a product that has minor defects, or the actual amount of the allowance attributable to specific sales. Harold Averkamp (CPA, MBA) has worked as a university accounting instructor, accountant, and consultant for more than 25 years. He is the sole author of all the materials on AccountingCoach.com.


The balance sheet will show a gross fixed assets value, a contra account value for accumulated depreciation, and a net value. All three values can be useful for investors depending on what they’re looking https://simple-accounting.org/the-best-guide-to-bookkeeping-for-nonprofits-how/ for. A contra liability is a general ledger account with a debit balance that reduces the normal credit balance of a standard liability account to present the net value on a balance sheet.

contra revenue account list

By reporting contra asset accounts on the balance sheet, users of financial statements can learn more about the assets of a company. For example, if a company just reported equipment at its net amount, users would not be able to observe the purchase price, the amount of depreciation attributed to that equipment, and the remaining useful life. Contra asset accounts allow users to see how much of an asset was written off, its remaining useful life, and the value of the asset. Purchase returns, allowances and discounts are all examples of contra expense accounts.

List of Contra Accounts

You might have a sales return contra account or a sales discounts account. The Sales Discounts account shows the discounts you gave to a customer. When accounting for assets, the difference between the asset’s account balance and the contra account balance is referred to as the book value.

contra revenue account list

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