What Is A Bull Call Spread?

bull call spread strategy

The further out-of-the-money the bull call debit spread is initiated, the more aggressive the outlook. However, one significant drawback from using a bull call spread is that potential gains are limited. For example, https://www.bigshotrading.info/ in the example above, the maximum gain Jorge can realize is only $27 due to the short call option position. Even if the stock price were to skyrocket to $500, Jorge would only be able to realize a gain of $27.

  • For example, traders who believe a particular stock is favorable for an upward price movement will use call options.
  • The reason why we sell OTM calls is to help finance the ATM calls.
  • A vertical spread involves the simultaneous buying and selling of options of the same type and expiry, but at different strike prices.
  • When the options spreads are underpriced in relation to their expiration value a risk-free arbitrage trading opportunity is created.
  • Leaving bull call spreads to expiry is usually not an issue though trades should be closed out early if a person’s view changes or the spread finishes partially in-the-money.
  • Leg 1 Strike- the price at which the underlying security can be bought if the option is exercised.
  • You would buy the shares and turn around and sell them to the buyer of your short option.

Simultaneously, sell a call option at a higher strike price that has the same expiration date as the first call option, and collect the premium. I’ve been successfully doing long term debit spreads but may now tip my toe into earnings strangles. The key bull call spread strategy element of the bull call spread is the assumption that the market price will rise. The bear call spread trading strategy is also known as the short call spread. If both strikes are the same , we have zero position, zero risk, and zero profit potential.

What is Bull Call Spread Strategy – Basics, Advantages and Disadvantages

Essentially, a bull call spread’s delta, which compares the change in the underlying asset’s price to the change in the option’s premium, is net positive. Should the underlying asset fall to less than the strike price, the holder will not buy the stock but will lose the value of the premium at expiration. If the share price moves above the strike price the holder may decide to purchase shares at that price but are under no obligation to do so. Again, in this scenario, the holder would be out the price of the premium. Commodities, bonds, stocks, currencies, and other assets form the underlying holdings for call options. Call options can be used by investors to benefit from upward moves in an asset’s price. If exercised before the expiration date, these options allow the investor to buy the asset at a stated price—the strike price.

In practice, however, choosing a bull call spread instead of buying only the lower strike call is a subjective decision. Bull call spreads benefit from two factors, a rising stock price and time decay of the short option. A bull call spread is the strategy of choice when the forecast is for a gradual price rise to the strike price of the short call.

What View Do I Express When I Place This Trade?

In this case, you would exercise the long option and expect the short option to be exercised against you. Along straddleoptions strategy occurs when an investor simultaneously purchases a call and put option on the same underlying asset with the same strike price and expiration date. This type ofvertical spreadstrategy is often used when an investor is bullish on the underlying asset and expects a moderate rise in the price of the asset. Using this strategy, the investor is able to limit their upside on the trade while also reducing the net premium spent . If the stock price is below the long call option at expiration, both options will expire worthless, and the full loss of the original debit paid will be realized. A Christmas tree is a complex options trading strategy achieved by buying and selling six call options with different strikes for a neutral to bullish forecast.

bull call spread strategy

This strategy becomes profitable when the stock makes a large move in one direction or the other. The investor doesn’t care which direction the stock moves, only that it is a greater move than the total premium the investor paid for the structure. Closing the trade be done by either selling the ITM call back to the market or shorting the number of shares assigned at expiration. The risk-defined nature of bull call spreads makes them easy to manage. For example, if we choose an in-the-money bull call spread, we are short volatility.

CORE Call Debit Spread Bot (Beginner)

Traders use boxes to borrow or lend funds for money management purposes depending on the implied interest rate of the box. From the P&L graph above, you can observe that this is a bullish strategy. For this strategy to be executed properly, the trader needs the stock to increase in price in order to make a profit on the trade. The trade-off of a bull call spread is that your upside is limited . When outright calls are expensive, one way to offset the higher premium is by selling higher strike calls against them. Because you are buying one call option and selling another, you are “hedging” your position. You have the potential to make a profit as the share price rises, but you are giving up some profit potential—but also reducing your risk—by selling a call.

  • The maximum loss a trader can incur when using this strategy is equal to the difference between the strike prices minus the net credit received.
  • Horizontal spreads are also commonly known as calendar spread or time spread because we have different expiration dates.
  • It is also interesting to note that the strikes above make a loss.
  • In the P&L graph above, the dashed line is the long stock position.
  • This type ofvertical spreadstrategy is often used when an investor is bullish on the underlying asset and expects a moderate rise in the price of the asset.

The strike price for the option is $145 and expires in January 2020. Additionally, Jorge sells an out-of-the-money call option for a premium of $2. The bull call spread reduces the cost of the call option, but it comes with a trade-off. The gains in the stock’s price are also capped, creating a limited range where the investor can make a profit. Traders will use the bull call spread if they believe an asset will moderately rise in value. Most often, during times of high volatility, they will use this strategy.

Example of a Bull Put Spread

The strategy comes handy when you have a moderately bullish view on the stock/index. Bull spread option strategies can either be bull call spread option strategies or bull put spread option strategies.

If you trade long options, you are likely familiar with one of the biggest drawbacks of this strategy, which is the impact of time decay. Once you purchase a long call or put, you can expect that your option is going to lose a little bit of value every day until expiration, all other things being equal. An estimate of how much might be lost is expressed in the “Greek” measure known as Theta. Amongst all the spread strategies, the bull call spread is one the most popular one.

At the same time, you sell a call option on 100 shares of ABC Corporation at a strike price of $56 for $4 per share, so that you receive $400 from the buyer. This way, you have defrayed your $500 initial investment, so that your net initial investment is $100. You expect stock prices to go up moderately in the near term and you want to take advantage of this movement. Specifically, you expect the stock of ABC Corporation, which is now trading at $50, to move up to about $55 in the next few months. This is likely to create a beneficial effect for the options of the stock.

bull call spread strategy

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